Jeff Wagner Tag

For our 80th episode, Radical Research detaches itself from the icy grips of Norway and takes a sojourn southward to France, a country whose history with death metal gives priority to quality over quantity. From 1990-1994, the chronically-underrated Supuration were busy at work creating their...

For the final installment of our 6-episode Norwegian tour across this most creatively-fertile country, Radical Research surveys the career of Simen Hestnaes. Working both under his given name, as well as his better-known nom de l'acier, ICS Vortex, Simen has assembled a large and exceptional...

To date, Radical Research has made more trips to Norway than any other country. But, typically, we spend our time in the shadowy realms of post-black metal. For our 77th episode, we travel to the green pastures of Honefoss, in search of Wobbler, Norway’s preeminent...

At the dawn of the 21st century, strange sounds brewed in the Southeastern corner of Norway -- musical paths cobbled together with the tortured echoes of second wave black metal, the ambitious, borderless miscellanea of progressive rock and metal, and the hostile liberalism that is...

12 ripping snippets from 11 fusion ragers spanning 1972 to 1982. We did the first one in 2018, episode 5, and it was high time we returned to the madness! We herewith present a variety of displays from various American, Danish, German, Japanese and Spanish...

Formed in the Czech Republic in 1987, Master’s Hammer summoned a singular, constantly mutating approach to black metal over two distinct lifetimes (1987-1995, 2009-2020). The band’s debut album, Ritual (1991), is described by Darkthrone’s Fenriz as “the first Norwegian black metal album, because it sounded...

Paul Chain’s Illogical Slow Evolution Radical Research interrogates, with few exceptions, the work of artists who operate in the darkest, most cryptic corners of the rock and metal multiverse. The music of Italy's Paul Chain, however, puts to test the inquiry even of the most rigorous...

Often overlooked relative to Gothenburg luminaries such as At the Gates, In Flames, and Dark Tranquility, Eucharist, whose entire legacy hinges upon two full-length albums and a clutch of compilation tracks, recorded some of the most vibrant, imaginative melodic death metal of the era. It’s...

The occasion of Radical Research's 68th installment could have been marked in one way only – with a full-force exaltation of music's deadliest, most head-snapping time signature, 6/8! On this episode, we survey a vast range of metal subgenres to demonstrate the ways in which artists...

Erupting from the wastes of Tallahassee, Florida, DVC (Darth Vader's Church) produced two long-players of low-slung filth and Southside mania. From 1989 to 1992, DVC explored the most shameful, subterranean grottoes of death/thrash and did so in almost categorical secrecy. On Episode 65, Radical Research...

Hippocrates mused, “Life is short, art is eternal.” The passing of four uncommonly-gifted drummers – Neil Peart, Sean Reinert, Reed Mullin, and Bill Rieflin, all amidst the doleful wilderness of this plague year – has brought life’s brevity into sharp relief. And, so, here it...

Even in the bizarro wilderness of Radical Research, Alf Svensson’s Oxiplegatz stands out in its peerless freakishness. A founding member of the epochal Swedish death metal band, At the Gates, Svensson used Oxiplegatz as a conduit for his most perverse cosmic fantasies. Built on a...

If the wild, transcendent music we exalt were a cluttered yet beautifully arrayed galaxy, the artists making that music would be planets and Rush would be its sun. So much of what ticks off all the right boxes for us is inherent in the music...

Germany’s Atrocity have been plying their execrable goth-metal wares since 1994’s precipitously tragic Blut, but the band’s first two albums, 1990’s Hallucinations and 1992’s Todessehnsucht (aka Longing for Death), occupy space in the top tier of death metal’s golden age. Wild, technical, psychotic, and destructive,...

“If you think it’s pretentious, you’ve been taken for a ride” With this episode, we look at the second half of Genesis’s 1974 double-album, The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway. Garnering a mixed reaction upon release, it eventually grew into a mammoth cult classic. But it...

Herewith we present an overview of one of the most beguiling bands to emerge from American soil. Part doomed epic metal, part gothic grandeur, peppered with prog, and very much in the spirit of our other chameleonic favorites, we run through Hammers of Misfortune’s works...

Continuing our appreciation for the unloved misfits of Metalopolis, we always considered 1992’s Thresholds, by Florida’s Nocturnus, an honorary 1993 album. Until we found out it was recorded in December 1991. Whatever the case, these eight chunky, blocky, cosmic, technical songs find Nocturnus at its...

Many bands have professed to play death metal, but few have summoned the power of death itself, have forced the very bowels of earth to erupt. Nuclear Death, the lords of their own putrid hell-scape, emerged from the sun-scorched wastes of Phoenix, Arizona to ply...

For the second time in a matter of months, your intrepid hosts find themselves in the frosty arms of Trondheim, Norway, this time to investigate the world of the frustratingly private Albino Slug. Known to few but adored by those who do, Albino Slug’s legacy...

Bust out the Purell and take a healthy dose of penicillin because the whores are back in town. On this special -- and occasionally-recurring -- episode of Radical Research, we stroll alongside a pornographic buffet of sumptuous synthesizer vibrations. For this globetrotting, sweaty-browed sojourn,...

For the 45th episode of Radical Research, we continue our trek north, this time landing in Trondheim, Norway, where we take a close look at the vast and fascinating discography of Manes. Well-respected in black metal circles for their personal and visionary approach to the...

Boy, do we love us some Isten. Issues of the Finnish fanzine such as "Twin Sister" and "Madchen" are triumphs of underground literature. Its editor, Mikko Mattila, is a bit of a hero to us, and we have always appreciated and related to his love...

When Uranus falls, once and for all, in the cosmic background will be heard the humming, buzzing sound of a tragically-overlooked group of travelers. Formed in 1988 in Turku, Finland, Xysma waged a decade-long war against expectation and small-mindedness. With phantasm-like stealth, the band moved...

After recording two mind-bending and defiant albums -- pieced together, ever so precariously, with the bacterial molecules of metal, ska, contemporary music, free jazz, musique concrete, tango, imaginary soundtracks, and the music of the Middle East -- Mr. Bungle returned to the table in 1999...

Departing from the tractor-beam blasphemy of their seminal first four albums, Bergen, Norway’s Gorgoroth offer a more panoramic approach to (a career in) evil on their daring fifth missive, Incipit Satan. IC absorbs influences from death industrial, morbid rock and roll, and melodic death metal,...

Greetings from the nativity. This podcast began as an examination of the vast and nebulous frontier of Norwegian post-black metal. In that spirit, episode 39 of Radical Research probes the tentacles of the In the Woods...

Writing about Devil Doll is like skating about horticulture. Led by the deeply enigmatic Mr. Doctor, and purposely shrouded in the thickest mystery, Devil Doll’s music disappoints even the keenest taxonomist. Experimenting with metal, classical, and progressive rock, Mr. Doctor and his revolving cast of...

Melvins’ career -- a vast, still-expanding 36-year odyssey across the full spectrum of heavy and experimental sound -- is marked by goalposts, some triumphant, some deviant. On this episode of Radical Research, we train a critical eye on 2002’s bellwether, the curiously-named Hostile Ambient Takeover....

It began with suffering and ended with screams (and whispers). St. Louis' radically-progressive Anacrusis never enjoyed the recognition they so deserved, but popular neglect did little to temper their potent vision. A product not only of the ‘80s thrash scene but also of the fertile...

In less than 10 years’ time, Michigan’s maddest scientists, Thought Industry, built a five-album discography that drew upon every available atom and protein in the rock and metal corpora. From the mutated post-thrash of its debut, Songs for Insects, to the melancholy, cosmic vistas of...

Under the guidance of bassist Ralf Hubert, Mekong Delta’s initial phase featured a revolving door lineup of Euro-metal luminaries. Adopting pseudonyms and lurking unseen in shadows, Mekong plied a brand of progressive metal that drew inspiration from composers such as Modest Mussorgsky, Aram Khachaturian and...

Angular, adventurous, and apocalyptic in nearly equal shares, few bands scratch the collective itches of Radical Research like Victoria, British Columbia’s Nomeansno. From their punky beginnings to the nuanced terror of their mature work, Nomeansno trafficked some of the most dangerous and dexterous rock music...

The possibly despicable term “art rock” is where pop, prog & rock meet, with a generous layer of quirk embedded throughout. Art rock is pop without restraint, prog with good table manners, rock stretching its creative fibers beyond the norm. And yet, gray areas...

Meet the creatures Plotkin & Dubin, instigators of some of the most beguiling music ever beamed to Earth from a  New Jersey-shaped quasar. Like the guy in the petri dish on the Musical Dimensions… album cover, your puzzled Radical Research hosts consider the bizarre landscape...

From the dark past, in the light of freezing moons and through funeral fog, Mayhem reappeared in 1997, under cover of night and to relatively little fanfare. Wolf’s Lair Abyss, the band’s first release since 1994’s epochal De Mysteriis Dom Sathanas, reveals a fiercer, future-forward...

Goodbye clarity, hello obfuscation… Norway’s other post-black metal duo, perhaps dwelling deeper in obscure shadows than Solefald… we hail Fleurety’s dedication to the dark arts and… which craft? All the ones that bring metal to the most precarious of left-field edges. So bizarre that it...

From a kernel to a cosmos. Over the course of a decade and beyond, Germany's Grobschnitt twisted and bent and stretched a piece of sound that would be known as "Solar Music." An alchemical collision of Prog, Krautrock, psychedelia, and uncanny theater, "Solar Music" represents...

The second in an occasional series of brief ambushes. With this mini-episode, we ponder and marvel at similarities between a certain few musical passages. Prompted by our previous episode on Afflicted, we compare/contrast moments of uncanny similarity, one of which is too close for comfort....

Prolific for a brief few years, with curious beginnings and a mostly ignored ending, Afflicted’s supernova burned brightly at its peak. That peak, Prodigal Sun, is the essential cornerstone of Afflicted’s output and is explored in depth here. Psychedelic, transcendent left-field death metal lunacy from...

Few things in life get the hosts of Radical Research as excited as the squishy, otherworldly sounds of the analog synthesizer. For our 16th episode, a special detour from our typical musings, we sort through the decades in search of some of the deepest, wildest,...

1993 represents for Radical Research a fecund year in the development of heavy metal, a tidal surge driven by forces of alchemy, science, and creative bloodshed. To substantiate this notion, we offer for your consideration a list of that year's best and brightest albums. The...

Had Leif Endling disbanded Candlemass after 1989’s Tales of Creation, he would have given enough to place his band in the halls of metal infamy. But the bassist pressed on, enduring lineup shifts, label hassles, and changing times, to eventually arrive in the late ‘90s...

There are no happy accidents or lucky mistakes in Rick Rubin productions. The legendary producer knows exactly what he wants and how to get the leanest, meanest performances from each artist he works with. In our examples, he wielded a decisive guiding hand in helping...

For our 12th installment, your intrepid hosts sift through time and dust in search of Orange County's Mind Over Four. Bridging an unknown gulf between cutting edge alternative rock and hyperkinetic tech/prog metal, Mind Over Four was poised for a breakthrough to the mainstream. But...

Death metal is very weird musick. It’s the rupturing and restructuring of musical tradition. At its best it offers otherworldly, phantasmagoric deliverance. We begin this episode hearing Carbonized in its embryonic stages as an exemplar of the peculiar Swedish death metal substrata, but in short...

The 10th installment of the Radical Research odyssey pries into the amorphous body of work that has been known to your hosts privately as "Ginncore." Based around a loosely-connected confederacy of artists -- mostly American and mostly active during the difficult-to-define ‘00s -- Ginncore has...

Join us on an extended tour through the curious world of Norway's Beyond Dawn. For thirteen years, Beyond Dawn occupied a shadowy, distorted universe of their own making. Rather than scowl at the moon, Beyond Dawn chased phantoms through pitiless cityscapes and fairytale grottos in...

Band in the Trees: Among the Ruins of Die Kreuzen Episode 6 of Radical Research finds your intrepid hosts deep-diving into the discography of Milwaukee's cult heroes, Die Kreuzen. Over the span of a decade, Die Kreuzen created four records that propose a hostile challenge to...

Radical Research 5.5 is the first in an occasional series of brief ambushes. Super-trivial stuff that’s too fun, weird and/or interesting to ignore, but undeserving of a full episode. For Radical Research diehards only! Music cited in order of appearance: Nuclear Death - “A Dark Country” (Carrion...

Free Falls Into the Vortex:
Arcturus - ReArcturianized
The Cure - Seventeen Seconds
Chrome - Red Exposure
Joywave - Cleanse
Blut Aus Nord - Mort
Blut Aus Nord - Ultima Thulee
Fair to Midland - “The Greener Grass”
Queen - A Night at the Opera
Genesis - various live 1976-80
Thom Yorke - Tomorrow’s Modern Boxes
Allan Holdsworth - Velvet Darkness
Devo - 4-track recordings 1974-77
Deftones - Koi No Yokan
Everything Everything - Raw Data Feel
Yes - Close to the Edge
Witchcraft - Legend
Heldon - Interface
Brutal Truth - Extreme Conditions Demand Extreme Responses
Can - Tago Mago
Deviated Instinct - Terminal Filth Stench-Core
Clan of Xymox - Medusa
Testament - The Legacy
Beastie Boys - Check Your Head
Tad - "Grease Box"
Brutality - Screams of Anguish
Sugar - Beaster
Helstar - Nosferatu
Chaos UK - Short Sharp Shock
Scott Walker - Bish Bosch
Mayhem - Ordo ad Chao
Man Is the Bastard - "Moloch"
OSI - Blood
Vauxdvihl - To Dimension Logic
King Crimson - “Cat Food” / “Groon”
Akercocke - Choronzon
Mournful Congregation - Concrescence of the Sophia
Candlemass - “John the Leper”
Rush - “Manhattan Project”
Fates Warning - “The Ghosts of Home”
The Human League - Dare
The Beach Boys - Smiley Smile
Thom Yorke - Tomorrow’s Modern Boxes
Everything Everything - Man Alive
Everything Everything- Raw Data Feel
Impaled Nazarene - Tol Cormpt Norz Norz Norz
Destruction - Bestial Invasion of Hell 1984 demo
Anvil - Pound for Pound
Blue Oyster Cult - Mirrors
The Mars Volta - The Bedlam in Goliath
Vintersorg - Cosmic Genesis
David Sylvian - "Fire in the Forest"
Primus - Frizzle Fry
Kreator - Renewal
Big Country - Steeltown
The Cult - "The Saint," "Shape the Sky"
Napalm Death - Enemy of the Music Business
Queensryche - Operation: Mindcrime
Henry Cow - Unrest
Mayhem - "Aion Suntelia"
Pere Ubu - Dub Housing
Labradford - Prazizion
Mortuary Drape - All the Witches Dance
Suffocation - Effigy of the Forgotten
Muslimgauze - Citadel
Carcass - Symphonies of Sickness
The Hellacopters - Payin' the Dues
Mercyful Fate - In the Shadows
Immortal - Battles in the North
Les Thugs - As Happy as Possible
Thy Serpent - Forests of Witchery (this one will be discarded)
Deathspell Omega - The Long Defeat
Deathspell Omega - “Chaining the Katechon”
Frank Zappa/Mothers - Roxy & Elsewhere
Everything Everything - Raw Data Feel
Christian Death - Catastrophe Ballet
Bauhaus - Burning From the Inside
Bauhaus - In the Flat Field
Chrome - Red Exposure
Radiohead - A Moon Shaped Pool
Profanatica - 1990/91
Pestilence - “Chemotherapy”
Bathory - “A Fine Day to Die”
Steven Wilson - “Raider II”
Satyricon - Rebel Extravaganza
Mid-Evil - Promo 1992
Into Another - Ignaurus
Into Another - Seemless
The Jesus Lizard - "Gladiator"
Cynic - Focus
Red House Painters - "Mistress"
June of 44 - Tropics and Meridians
Jeff Buckley - "I Want Someone Badly," "Forget Her"
Punchcutter - Demos
Solefald - The Linear Scaffold
Corrosion of Conformity - Deliverance
Loudness - "Ashes in the Sky"
Chavez - Gone Glimmering
Chavez - Ride the Fader
Embrionic Death - Stream of Solidarity demo
Leatherface - Mush
For Against - In the Marshes
DBC - Universe
Witchcraft - "Democracy"
Everything Everything - Raw Data Feel
Bent Knee - Frosting
Peter Hammill - “Gog Magog (In Bromine Chambers)”
Kansas - Monolith
Voivod - Angel Rat
Blut Aus Nord - Disharmonium: Undreamable Abysses
Disma - Towards the Megalith
Mayhem - Ordo Ad Chao
The Tubes - The Tubes
Utopia - Disco Jets
Utopia - Another Live
Soundgarden - Down On the Upside (x3)
Defleshed - Under the Blade
Old - "Peri Synthion"
Sanctuary - Into the Mirror Black
Napalm Death - Harmony Corruption
Emperor - As the Shadows Rise
Thorns - "Aerie Descent"
Depeche Mode - "FreeLove"
Toxik - Think This
Amesoeurs - Amesoeurs
Tad - 8-Way Santa
Savatage - "Strange Wings"
Artillery - By Inheritance
Polvo - Cor-Crane Secret, "Tragic Carpet Ride"
Nightfall - Athenian Echoes
16 - "At Dawn They Sleep"
In Flames - The Jester Race, "Goliaths Disarm Their Davids"
Hot Snakes - Suicide Invoice
Crimson Glory - "Painted Skies," "Transcendence"
Superchunk - No Pocky for Kitty, "Basement Life"
Kyuss - Blues for the Red Sun
Blind Guardian - "Welcome to Dying," "Bright Eyes," "And the Story Ends"
Melvins - "The Bit," "Mombius Hibachi," "In the Freaktose the Bugs Are Dying"
Allan Holdsworth - Velvet Darkness
Deathspell Omega - The Long Defeat
Sarcofago - Rotting
Voivod - Angel Rat
Manowar - Battle Hymns
Traun - The Lilac Moon
Traun - Escape from Spa 9
Traun - The Black Metal Princess
Axis of Advance - The List
Stick Men - Tentacles
Mew - Visuals
Kyuss - Sky Valley
Portal - Vexovoid
Bowery Electric - Bowery Electric
Primal Scream - Evil Heat
Swans - Greed
Paradise Lost - One Second
Faith No More - Angel Dust
Hector Zazou - Songs from the Cold Seas
Isis - Oceanic
Sonic Youth - Dirty
Popol Vuh - Nosferatu
Acid Bath - When the Kite String Pops
Christian Death - Only Theater of Pain
Christian Death - Catastrophe Ballet
Mike Oldfield - Ommadawn
The Mastelottos - Too Much Happiness: A Romantic’s Guide to King Crimson
Primordial - Imrama
Minas Tirith - Demons are Forever
Protector - Misanthropy
Destruction - Release from Agony
Joywave - Cleanse
Stick Men - Tentacles
Beardfish - Sleeping in Traffic, Part One
Disembowelment - Transcendence into the Peripheral
Vehementer Nos - Vehementer Nos
Corrosion of Conformity - Deliverance
Corrosion of Conformity - Wiseblood
Necromantia - Scarlet Evil, Witching Black
Metallica - "Blackened"
Elegy - Labyrinth of Dreams
The Cure - "The Drowning Man"
Blind Illusion - The Sane Asylum
For Against - Coalesced
Disgrace - Superhuman Dome
Whiplash - Power and Pain
Beastie Boys - Ill Communication
Heathen - Victims of Deception
Big Country - "Wonderland"
Oranssi Pazuzu - Kosmonument
Extol - Undeceived
Van Halen - Fair Warning
Sacrifice - Forward to Termination
Dax Riggs - We Sing of Only Blood or Love
Riot - Sons of Society
Prong - Beg to Differ
Armored Saint - Raising Fear
Death Angel - Act III
Alice In Chains - Facelift
Skeleton Key - Fantastic Spike Through Balloon
Voivod - Angel Rat
Vauxdvihl - To Dimension Logic
Kreator - Extreme Aggression
Allan Holdsworth - Velvet Darkness
Stick Men - Tentacles
The Mastelottos - “Sleepless”
OSI - Free
John Arch - A Twist of Fate
Arch Matheos - Sympathetic Resonance
Mayhem - Live in Jessheim, Norway, 3/2/90
Melvins - Lysol
Order From Chaos - Inhumanities demo 1988
Misery’s Omen - To Worship Stone Gods 7”
Deathspell Omega - The Long Defeat
Carbonized - Disharmonization
Axis of Advance - Purify
Axis of Advance - Obey
Primordial - A Journey’s End
Borknagar - True North
Pantalgia - An International Death Metal Compilation
Metal Church - “Metal Church” (from
Metal Church)
Mournful Congregation - Concrescence of the Sophia
Profanatica - 1990-1992
The Human League - Travelogue
The Human League - Dare
Journey - Escape
V/A - ...And Even Wolves Hid Their Teeth
Darkthrone - Transilvanian Hunger
Corrosion of Conformity - Wiseblood
Eucharist - "Wounded and Alone," "The Predictable End"
Dark Angel - Leave Scars
Neurosis - Times of Grace
Pixies - Surfer Rosa
Hum - Inlet
Borknagar - The Olden Domain
Chelsea Wolfe - "Deranged for Rock & Roll," "16 Psyche"
Rotting Christ - Passage to Arcturo
Gang of Four - "Damaged Goods"
Heathen - Victims of Deception
Beastie Boys - Ill Communication
Impaled Nazarene - Ugra Karma
Forbidden - Forbidden Evil

Ten blasts of springtime joy before the scorch of summer. This is the Radical Research strain of fusion, corralling some of the baddest asses within the larger prog/jazz/fusion/rock heliosphere. From NYC giants Mahavishnu Orchestra and Return to Forever, we veer into decidedly deadly territory through...

The second episode of Radical Research dives into the strange world of Sweden’s Dan Swanö. From his neo-prog roots in Unicorn to the way-left-of-center Karaboudjan, and bedrocks Edge of Sanity and Pan-Thy-Monium, we are usually in awe. Swanö has also been a crucial cog in...

For the inaugural episode of Radical Research, we delve into the mysterious, magnificent William Blake’s The Marriage of Heaven and Hell (1998), the fourth album by Norwegian shape-shifters Ulver. Note: The sound quality of RR1 isn’t exactly superb, especially Jeff's mic in the intro. This was...